Explore Equalisation Strategies and Achieve Success in Singapore with Expert Guidance

by | Oct 9, 2023

Equalisation Intro

What is equalisation in Singapore?

What is equalisation in Singapore

Definition of equalisation in Singapore

Equalisation refers to the policy implemented by the Singapore government to ensure fairness in the distribution of tax burdens among residents.

The objective is to prevent residents from being disadvantaged due to differences in tax rates and policies in different countries.

As a global financial hub, Singapore attracts a significant number of foreign individuals and businesses.

These individuals may have assets or earn income in multiple jurisdictions, leading to potential double taxation or taxation gaps.

The equalisation policy aims to address these issues and create a balanced tax system that promotes economic growth and attracts talent.

Under the equalisation policy, Singapore residents are taxed on their worldwide income, regardless of where it is earned or generated.

This includes income from employment, business profits, dividends, and rental income.

The policy is based on the principle of taxation at source, which means taxing income where it is earned, regardless of citizenship.

To prevent double taxation and ensure fairness, Singapore has also signed tax treaties with various countries.

These treaties provide provisions to eliminate or reduce double taxation, allowing residents to claim tax credits or exemptions for taxes paid in other jurisdictions.

History of equalisation in Singapore

Singapore has implemented its equalisation policy since the 1970s.

The policy was introduced to attract foreign talent and facilitate economic development by creating a competitive tax environment.

Over the years, the policy has been refined and updated to adapt to changing global tax trends and ensure compliance with international tax standards.

Key Features of equalisation in Singapore

The key features of Singapore’s equalisation policy include the taxation of worldwide income for residents, tax treaty provisions to prevent double taxation, and the inclusion of rental income in the tax base.

Residents are required to declare their income from all sources, both local and foreign, and pay taxes on their total income.

This ensures that individuals with income from overseas sources contribute their fair share to the Singapore tax system.

Tax treaties play a crucial role in eliminating or reducing double taxation.

These treaties provide mechanisms for residents to claim relief, such as foreign tax credits or exemptions, for taxes paid in other jurisdictions.

The tax treaties also facilitate cooperation and information exchange between countries to prevent tax evasion and ensure compliance with tax laws.

Rental income is also included in the tax base, ensuring that individuals earning rental income, whether from local or overseas properties, are subject to taxation.

This ensures equity and prevents individuals from exploiting tax loopholes by generating income from rental properties in low-tax jurisdictions.

Key Takeaways

  1. Definition of Equalisation:
    • Equalisation in Singapore ensures fair distribution of tax burdens among residents.
    • Aims to prevent disadvantages due to varying tax rates and policies globally.
  2. Implementation of Equalisation:
    • Residents taxed on worldwide income, following the principle of taxation at source.
    • Tax treaties signed with other countries to prevent double taxation, allowing for relief mechanisms.
  3. History and Evolution of Equalisation:
    • Implemented since the 1970s to attract foreign talent and promote economic development.
    • Regular refinements to adapt to changing global tax trends and comply with international standards.
  4. Key Features of Singapore’s Equalisation Policy:
    • Taxation of worldwide income, including rental income, for residents.
    • Tax treaties crucial for preventing double taxation and ensuring cooperation between countries.
  5. Importance of Equalisation in Singapore:
    • Ensures fairness, prevents tax evasion, and attracts talent and businesses to Singapore.
    • Inclusion of rental income maintains equity and prevents tax leakage.
  6. Operation of Equalisation for Investors:
    • Provides fair opportunities and treatment for both local and foreign investors.
    • Benefits include increased market access, investment protection, and non-discrimination based on nationality.
  7. Advantages for Investors:
    • Access to a larger market through bilateral agreements and free trade agreements.
    • Legal protection and recourse in case of disputes, ensuring confidence in foreign investments.
  8. Equalisation Application Process:
    • Eligibility criteria include holding shares on ex-dividend date and investment in Singapore dollars.
    • Investors should contact companies, submit necessary documentation, and follow provided instructions.
  9. Assistance for Equalisation Applications:
    • Dividend equalisation agents and financial institutions offer support.
    • Adhering to MAS guidelines is crucial for fair participation in the equalisation process.
  10. Free Consultation and Resources:
    • Organizations like ISCA and MSF provide free consultations on equalisation.
    • Utilize the Equalisation Benefits Calculator for financial planning and understanding available government schemes.

Why is equalisation important in Singapore?

Why is equalisation important in Singapore

The equalisation policy is important in Singapore for several reasons.

Firstly, it ensures that residents are not disadvantaged due to differences in tax rates and policies between countries.

By taxing worldwide income, Singapore promotes fairness and prevents tax evasion.

Secondly, the policy helps attract talent and businesses to Singapore.

By offering a competitive tax environment and providing relief from double taxation through tax treaties, Singapore becomes an attractive destination for individuals and businesses seeking global opportunities while minimizing their tax burden.

Lastly, including rental income in the tax base ensures that individuals earning income from property rental, whether local or overseas, contribute their fair share to the tax system.

This prevents tax leakage and maintains equity in the taxation of different sources of income.

How does equalisation work in Singapore?

Equalisation in Singapore is implemented through the taxation of worldwide income for residents.

Individuals are required to declare their income from all sources, both local and foreign, and pay taxes on their total income in Singapore.

To prevent double taxation, Singapore has signed tax treaties with various countries.

These treaties provide mechanisms for residents to claim relief, such as foreign tax credits or exemptions, for taxes paid in other jurisdictions.

The tax treaties also facilitate cooperation and information exchange between countries to ensure compliance with tax laws.

Rental income is also subject to taxation in Singapore, ensuring that individuals earning income from rental properties, whether in Singapore or overseas, contribute their fair share to the tax system.

Overall, equalisation in Singapore is a comprehensive tax policy aimed at promoting fairness, attracting talent and businesses, and preventing tax evasion.

It ensures that residents contribute their fair share to the tax system and promotes Singapore as a global financial hub with a competitive tax environment.

Equalisation for Investors

Equalisation for Investors

What are the benefits of equalisation for investors?

Equalisation in Singapore refers to the process of leveling the playing field for investors.

It aims to provide fair opportunities and treatment to both local and foreign investors.

There are several benefits that investors can enjoy through equalisation.

One of the key benefits is the ability to access a larger market.

Singapore has bilateral agreements and free trade agreements with numerous countries, which helps to remove trade barriers and increase market access for investors.

This allows investors to expand their business and tap into new opportunities.

Another benefit is the protection of investments.

The Singapore government has implemented investment protection agreements with several countries, which provides investors with legal protection and recourse in case of disputes.

This helps to instill confidence in investors and attract foreign investments.

Furthermore, equalisation in Singapore ensures that investors receive fair treatment and are not subjected to discrimination based on their nationality.

The government has put in place measures to ensure that all investors, regardless of their origin, are treated equally under the law.

This promotes a conducive business environment and encourages investors to invest in Singapore.



How can investors take advantage of equalisation?

To take advantage of equalisation in Singapore, investors should start by conducting thorough research and seeking professional advice.

They should familiarize themselves with the investment regulations, tax policies, and incentives available in the country.

Investors should also explore the various government schemes and initiatives aimed at supporting investments.

The government offers grants, tax incentives, and financing options to attract investments in strategic sectors.

By leveraging these programs, investors can maximize the benefits of equalisation and enhance their investment returns.

In addition, networking and building connections with local partners and industry experts can provide invaluable insights and opportunities.

Collaborating with local businesses can help investors navigate the Singapore market more effectively and gain a competitive edge.

Example of equalisation for investors

Example of equalisation for investors

  1. Tax Rates: Singapore has implemented a progressive tax system, which ensures that higher-income individuals and corporations pay a larger share of taxes. This helps to promote income equality and provides a level playing field for investors.
  2. MeSH Terms: The Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF) in Singapore provides equalization payments through the Medical Fee Benchmarks – MeSH terms. MeSH terms ensure equal access and fair pricing for medical treatments, benefiting both patients and investors in the healthcare sector.
  3. Cost of Illness Study: Singapore conducts cost of illness studies to determine the economic burden of diseases on individuals and society. By identifying the costs associated with different diseases, policymakers can allocate resources effectively and promote equal access to healthcare services.
  4. Compliance Burden: Singapore has streamlined its regulations and introduced digital solutions to reduce the compliance burden on businesses. This benefits investors by simplifying administrative processes and promoting efficiency in the business environment.

In conclusion, equalisation in Singapore offers numerous benefits for investors. From increased market access to legal protection and fair treatment, equalisation creates a conducive environment for investments. By understanding the opportunities available and leveraging government support, investors can make the most of equalisation and achieve their investment goals in Singapore.

How to Get Equalisation in Singapore

How to Get Equalisation in Singapore

Equalisation is an important process that ensures fair treatment for investors when it comes to dividends and other forms of income distribution.

In Singapore, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) is responsible for overseeing equalisation practices in the financial industry.

If you are an investor in Singapore and want to understand how to get equalisation, this article will provide you with the necessary information.

If you’re a member of a group or class with a large amount of financial assets, you may want to consider selling shares to the public.

However, this decision comes with a considerable amount of responsibility and liability.

As the financial advice market in the UK evolves, it’s now possible to offer financial advice to the public and charge a fee for it.

This means that if you intend to provide financial advice to the public, you must be fully aware of the higher standards and regulations that come with it.

Selling shares in a class or group can be a complex process that involves legal considerations and potential risks, so it’s crucial to seek professional advice.

The UK has strict rules and regulations in place to protect investors and ensure fair practices.

Therefore, it is vital to understand the legal implications and potential ramifications before proceeding with such a financial decision in full time.

Eligibility criteria for equalisation

To be eligible for equalisation, investors must meet certain criteria. Here are the key factors to consider:

  1. Still holding shares: Investors must still be holding the shares on the ex-dividend date in order to be eligible for equalisation.
  2. End of the calculation period: The equalisation process typically occurs at the end of the calculation period determined by the company.
  3. Investment entirely in Singapore dollars: Investments that are made entirely in Singapore dollars are eligible for equalisation.
  4. Provide feedback: It is important for investors to provide feedback to the company regarding their eligibility for equalisation. This helps to ensure transparency and accuracy in the process.

How to apply for equalisation

Applying for equalisation in Singapore is a straightforward process. Here’s what you need to do:

  1. Contact the company: Reach out to the company’s investor relations department or the designated contact person to inquire about the equalisation process.
  2. Submit the necessary documentation: The company may request certain documents to verify your eligibility for equalisation. This could include proof of share ownership, identification documents, and any other relevant information.
  3. Follow the company’s instructions: The company will provide you with guidance on how to apply for equalisation. Ensure that you understand and follow their instructions to complete the process successfully.

Still need help with equalisation applications

Still need help with equalisation applications

If you need assistance with the equalisation application process, there are two key resources you can turn to:

  1. Known dividend equalisation agents: These agents specialize in handling equalisation applications on behalf of investors. They have expertise in navigating the process and can provide you with guidance and support.
  2. Financial institutions: Your chosen financial institution can also assist you with the equalisation application. They can provide you with information on ex-dividend dates, net asset values, and other essential details to help you make informed decisions.

Remember that equalisation is designed to ensure fairness in dividend distributions.

Understanding the eligibility criteria and following the application process correctly can help you receive your fair share of dividends and income distributions.

Whether you are an individual investor or represent a corporate entity, it is crucial to adhere to the guidelines set by the MAS and the company you are investing in.

By doing so, you can participate in the equalisation process and have confidence in the fairness of income distributions.




Free equalisation consultation

If you are in need of guidance or advice regarding equalisation, there are various organizations and initiatives in Singapore that offer free consultation services.

These consultations can provide valuable insights and information on how you can navigate the complexities of equalisation.

One such organization is the Institute of Singapore Chartered Accountants (ISCA), which offers free consultations and resources for individuals and businesses.

Their team of experts can help you understand the different aspects of equalisation, such as income redistribution, education opportunities, and social welfare programs.

They can also provide guidance on how to access government schemes and support to ensure equal opportunities for all.

Additionally, the Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF) in Singapore provides a range of free services and support for individuals and families.

They have dedicated professionals who can assess your needs and connect you with the appropriate resources.

Whether you require financial assistance, employment support, or counseling services, the MSF can help you navigate the equalisation landscape and access the necessary support.

Equalisation calculator

To better understand the impact of equalisation measures on your personal finances, you can utilize the equalisation calculator.

This tool allows you to input your income, expenses, and other financial information to assess how equalisation policies affect your overall financial well-being.

The Singapore government provides an online calculator called the “Equalisation Benefits Calculator.

” By inputting your details, such as income, education level, and family size, the calculator can estimate the benefits you may be eligible for under various equalisation schemes.

This helps individuals make informed decisions and plan for their financial future.

The equalisation calculator also provides information on government schemes and initiatives that promote equal opportunities, such as subsidized healthcare, housing assistance, and education grants.

By understanding these benefits, individuals can better navigate the system and make use of the available resources for their personal development and well-being.

Equalisation is an ongoing effort in Singapore to achieve social and economic fairness.

Through free consultation services and the equalisation calculator, individuals can access the necessary support and information to navigate the complexities of equalisation.

By utilizing these resources, individuals can make informed decisions and take advantage of the available opportunities to improve their lives and contribute to a more equal society.


In conclusion, the Council of Estate Agencies (CEA) plays a crucial role in regulating and ensuring the professionalism and integrity of the real estate industry in Singapore.

By understanding and complying with the regulations and obligations set by the CEA, individuals and companies can avoid potential penalties and legal issues.

The CEA is responsible for licensing and regulating estate agents, salespersons, and property management companies.

They enforce a code of conduct and set standards for ethical practices within the industry.

This not only protects consumers but also maintains the reputation of the real estate sector in Singapore.

The blog post highlighted several important points regarding the CEA and its regulations.

It emphasized the importance of foreign buyers and permanent residents understanding their tax obligations, including filing annual tax returns and declaring their assessable income.

It also discussed the potential consequences for estate agents and salespersons who fail to comply with the CEA’s rules and regulations.

Additionally, the blog post provided information on the various resources available to individuals and companies seeking to learn more about the CEA’s requirements.

It mentioned the CEA’s website, which offers guidelines, forms, and publications to help professionals stay informed and compliant.

Per, us, buy, sell, and capital are all terms commonly used in the world of finance and economics.

Each word represents a crucial aspect of financial transactions and the overall functioning of any economy.

Per” refers to the price per unit or the rate at which something is calculated.

It could be the per-share price of a stock or the cost of goods per unit.

“Us” depicts the collective force of individuals or entities coming together for a common purpose, such as the us versus them mentality seen in economic debates.

“Buy” and “sell” are actions that involve the exchange of goods, services, or assets for a certain value.

These actions are fundamental to economic growth and can occur between individuals, businesses, or even countries.

Finally, “capital” refers to financial assets that can be used for investment or production purposes.

Whether it is human capital (skills, knowledge, and expertise) or physical capital (machinery, buildings, and infrastructure), capital plays a significant role in economic development and creating wealth.

Overall, maintaining a thorough understanding of the regulations and obligations set by the CEA is crucial for individuals and companies operating in the real estate industry in Singapore.

By staying compliant, they can build trust with clients, avoid legal issues, and contribute to the professionalism and integrity of the industry as a whole.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is equalisation?

Equalisation is a process of adjusting the performance of a fund to reflect the purchase or sale of a part of it. 

How does equalisation work?

Equalisation works by reflecting the performance of the fund after the purchase or sale of its parts on the fund’s website or account. 

Who would employ equalisation?

Employers and employees can both make use of equalisation to ensure fair payroll and cash flow. 

What are the benefits of equalisation?

Equalisation helps in planning and improving the quality of life for employees by ensuring fair compensation and benefits. 

What are personal reliefs in equalisation?

Personal reliefs in equalisation are the tax treatments allowed to individuals to reduce their tax burden based on their specific situations. 

How can I calculate the actual taxes in equalisation?

To calculate the actual taxes in equalisation, you need to consider the types of income, personal reliefs, and the applicable tax rates. 

What is the difference between flat rate and progressive resident rates in equalisation?

Flat rate refers to a fixed percentage of taxes applied to all income levels, while progressive resident rates are tax rates that increase as the income level rises. 

How does equalisation affect overseas income?

Equalisation ensures that overseas income is properly reflected and taxed according to the tax laws of the country. It also takes into account any tax treaties or agreements between countries. 

Can non-residents claim personal reliefs in equalisation?

Non-residents may be able to claim personal reliefs, depending on their tax resident status and the tax laws of the country in question. 

What is the basis of income taxation in equalisation?

The basis of income taxation in equalisation is the total income attributable to an individual, which includes employment income, assignment-related income, and other types of income. 

How are self-reported population health and equalisation related?

Self-reported population health is an important factor to consider in equalisation, as it helps in assessing the overall well-being and health-related quality of life of individuals. 

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